Matthew Newkirk House

Perspective

13th and Arch Sts.

Philadelphia, PA

1835

Walter prepared this “rough sketch” for one of this city’s first industrial magnates, Matthew Newkirk, president of the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. The architect must have been pleased with the view his design presented to the street. Two years later he built his own home directly opposite Newkirk’s.

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Andalusia, Country Seat of Nicholas Biddle

Elevation

August 29, 1833

 Just three months after ground was broken for Founder’s Hall, Biddle commissioned Thomas U. Walter to renovate his country house in the Greek mode as well. Located on the Delaware River in Bucks County, “Andalusia” is based on the temple of “Theseus,” the building that most impressed Biddle on his 1806 visit to Athens.

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A Design for Preston Retreat

Perspective View

20th St. and Hamilton St .

Philadelphia, PA

1837

Funded by the bequest of Dr. Jonas Preston this structure was a “lying-in” or maternity hospital for indigent women.

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Third Reformed Dutch Church

Perspective

10th and Filbert Streets

Philadelphia, PA

1836

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Chester County Bank

Perspective

West Chester , PA

1836

Walter’s design for the Doric portico of this small-town bank was lifted directly from Stuart & Revett’s Antiquities of Athens.

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Frieze Comparisons

c. 1840

In this interesting drawing, Walter did scale comparisons of the Greek style interiors in several of the houses, churches and institutions he designed, including the Newkirk house, the Dundas House, and Girard College.  It is not known whether this drawing was prepared for his personal use or if he used it in his lectures on architecture.

 

 

 

Dundas-Lippincott Mansion

Head for Upper Railing

Broad and Walnut Sts.

Philadelphia, PA

1835

Built for wealthy Philadelphia lawyer, James Dundas in 1837, this house was the most monumental of Walter’s early career. Behind the magnificent architect- designed iron railing was an enormous garden and two conservatories. This remarkable house and garden survived until 1905 at one of Philadelphia’s busiest commercial intersections.

 

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Dundas-Lippincott Mansion, Plan

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Dundas-Lippincott Mansion

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Cohen's Bank, Flank Elevation

Calvert and Baltimore Sts.

Baltimore, MD

1834

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Athenaeum of Philadelphia Competition Drawing

6th St. Elevation

6th and Walnut Sts.

Philadelphia, PA           

1840

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Elevation of a New Building for the Franklin Institute

Philadelphia, PA

1841

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Berks County Courthouse

Reading, PA

1839

In his design for this courthouse, Walter topped an Ionic temple with an octagonal tower, a device he would use again a decade later at the Chester County Courthouse in West Chester . This was Walter’s first use of brownstone for a Greek-style building.

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Central Universalist Church, Alternate Designs

Left: Gothic Design

Above Right: Greek Design

Above Left: Rundbogenstil Design

Northeast Corner, Locust & Juniper Streets

Philadelphia , PA

1850

Three alternate proposals for this building reflect the transition from the overwhelming popularity of the Greek style; to its modification with the German-inspired Rundbogenstil or “round arch” elements; to its complete abandonment for the Collegiate Gothic style.

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